Investigation of Ice-PVC separation under Flexural Loading using FEM Analysis

Authors

  • H Xue
  • H Khawaja

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21152/1750-9548.10.3.247

Abstract

This paper presents the FEM technique applied in the study of ice separation over a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) surface. A two layer model of ice and PVC is analysed theoretically using Euler-Bernoulli beam theory and the rule of mixtures. The physical samples are prepared by freezing ice over the PVC surfaces. The samples are tested experimentally in a four-point loading setup. The experimental results contain strain data gathered through a data acquisition system using the LabView software. The data is collected at the rate of 1 kHz per load step. A model is also coded in MATLAB® and simulated using the finite element method (FEM) in ANSYS® Multiphysics. The FEM model of the ice and PVC sample is built using solid elements. The mesh is tested for sensitively. A good agreement is found between the theoretical, experimental and numerical simulation results.

References

Wahl, D. and P. Giguere, Ice Shedding and Ice Throw–Risk and Mitigation. General Electric Wind Application Engineering Group of GE Energy, 2006.

Schulson, E.M., The structure and mechanical behavior of ice. JOM, 1999. 51(2): p. 21-27.

Hobbs, P.V., Ice Physics. 2010: OUP Oxford.

Fikke, S., et al., Cost 727: atmospheric icing on structures. Measurements and data collection on icing: State of the Art, Publication of MeteoSwiss, 2006. 75(110): p. 1422-1381.

, I., Atmospheric icing of structures. 2001.

Voitkovskii, K., The mechanical properties of ice. 1962, DTIC Document.

Nimmo, F. What is the Young's Modulus of Ice? in Workshop on Europa's Icy Shell: Past, Present, and Future. 2004.

Gold, L.W., On the elasticity of ice plates. Canadian journal of civil engineering, 1988. 15(6): p. 1080-1084.

Riahi, M.M., Numerical and Experimental Studies of the Mechanical Behaviour at the Ice / Aluminium Interface. 2007, University of Quebec, Canada.

Barron, J., Investigators sift for clues to crash at La Guardia. New York times, 1992. 24.

Ronsten, G., Svenska erfarenheter av vindkraft i kallt klimat nedisning, iskast och avisning. Elforsk rapport, 2004. 4: p. 13.

Jasinski, W.J., et al., Wind turbine performance under icing conditions. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 1998. 120(1): p. 60-65. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2888048

Jellinek, H.H.G., Adhesive properties of ice. Journal of colloid science, 1959. 14(3): p. 268-280.

Kulinich, S. and M. Farzaneh, Ice adhesion on super-hydrophobic surfaces. Applied Surface Science, 2009. 255(18): p. 8153-8157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.05.033

Landy, M. and A. Freiberger, Studies of ice adhesion: I. Adhesion of ice to plastics. Journal of colloid and interface science, 1967. 25(2): p. 231-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(67)90026-4

Houwink, R. and G. Salomon, Adhesion and adhesives, Vol. 1. 1965, Elsevier, New York.

Seidler, P., New theories of adhesion of high polymers. Adhaesion, 1963. 7: p. 503-512.

Krotova, N., et al., Investigation of various types of adhesion bonds. 1965, DTIC Document.

Voiutskii, S.S., Autohesion and adhesion of high polymers. 1963.

Wake, W., Theories of adhesion and uses of adhesives: a review. Polymer, 1978. 19(3): p. 291-308. https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-3861(78)90223-9

Adhesion Science and Engineering: Surfaces, Chemistry and Applications. 2002: Elsevier Science.

Bikerman, J.J., The science of adhesive joints. 2013: Elsevier.

Wilkes, C.E., et al., PVC Handbook. 2005: Hanser.

Ramesh, S., T. Winie, and A.K. Arof, Investigation of mechanical properties of polyvinyl chloride–polyethylene oxide (PVC–PEO) based polymer electrolytes for lithium polymer cells. European Polymer Journal, 2007. 43(5): p. 1963-1968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.02.006

Bauchau, O.A. and J.I. Craig, Structural Analysis: With Applications to Aerospace Structures. 2009: Springer Netherlands.

Lu, T. and N. Fleck, The thermal shock resistance of solids. Acta Materialia, 1998. 46(13): p. 4755-4768. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6454(98)00127-x

ANSYS®, Academic Research, Theory Reference, in Mechanical APDL Guide. release 14.0.

Currier, J. and E. Schulson, The tensile strength of ice as a function of grain size. Acta Metallurgica, 1982. 30(8): p. 1511-1514. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(82)90171-7

Sih, G.C., A special theory of crack propagation, in Mechanics of Fracture Initiation and Propagation. 1991, Springer Netherlands. p. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3734-8_1

Published

2016-09-30

How to Cite

Xue, H. and Khawaja, H. (2016) “Investigation of Ice-PVC separation under Flexural Loading using FEM Analysis”, The International Journal of Multiphysics, 10(3), pp. 247-264. doi: 10.21152/1750-9548.10.3.247.

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>