Numerical analyses of a PEM fuel cell’s performance having a perforated type gas flow distributor

M Virk, M Mustafa, A Holdø

Abstract


This paper presents the steady state, isothermal, three dimensional (3D)numerical analyses of an intermediate temperature, proton electrolytemembrane (PEM) fuel cell’s performance with the perforated type gas flowchannels. Finite element based numerical technique is used to solve thismulti transport numerical model coupled with the flow in porous medium,charge balance, electrochemical kinetics and membrane water content.Numerical analyses provided a detailed insight of the various physicalphenomena, affecting this type of PEM fuel cell’s performance. Resultsobtained from numerical analyses are compared with the experimental dataand a good agreement is found. To validate this new design concept acomparison study is also carried out with the conventional PEM fuel cellhaving a serpentine type gas distributor. Results showed a better distributionof reactant species in the case of the perforated type gas distributor.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1750-9548.3.4.347

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