Analysis on the Influence of Building Envelope on Building Energy Efficiency in Severe Cold Area


  • ZK Zhang
  • J Ren



With the rapid development of the global economy, the world energy consumption is increasing day by day. Mankind is facing the problem of energy shortage. Energy conservation and emission reduction has become the focus of countries all over the world. In order to study the influence of building envelope on building energy efficiency in severe cold area, the sensitivity analysis is used to analyze the influence relationship between building envelope and building energy efficiency. Combined with DeST simulation software, the building model is established, and the arc mean elasticity method is used to analyze the sensitivity of building energy load to different building envelope parameters. The results show that the external windows of the building envelope have the greatest impact on the building energy efficiency, followed by the external walls, and the roof has the least impact on the energy efficiency. The sensitivity coefficients of the annual cumulative load to the external windows, exterior walls and roofs of buildings are 7.93%, 5.76% and 5.75% respectively. Studying the influence of enclosure structure on building energy efficiency in severe cold areas has important practical value for reducing building energy consumption in severe cold areas, and provides data reference for scientifically improving building energy efficiency and building skill transformation in severe cold areas.


Ascione, F., N. Bianco, G.M. Mauro, and D.F. Napolitano, Building envelope design: Multi-objective optimization to minimize energy consumption, global cost and thermal discomfort. Application to different Italian climatic zones. Energy, 2019. 174: p. 359-374. DOI:

Esmaeil, K.K., M.S. Alshitawi, and R.A. Almasri, Analysis of energy consumption pattern in Saudi Arabia's residential buildings with specific reference to Qassim region. Energy Efficiency, 2019. 12(8): p. 2123-2145. DOI:

Amraoui, K., L. Sriti, S.D. Turi, F. Ruggiero, and A. Kaihoul, Exploring building's envelope thermal behavior of the neo-vernacular residential architecture in a hot and dry climate region of Algeria. Building Simulation, 2021. 14(5): p. 1567-1584. DOI:

Márquez-Martinón, J.M., N. Martín-Dorta, E. González-Díaz, and B. Gonzalez-Diaz, Influence of Thermal Enclosures on Energy Saving Simulations of Residential Building Typologies in European Climatic Zones. Sustainability, 2021. 13(15): p. 8646. DOI:

Chen, B., Q. Liu, H. Chen, L. Wang, T. Deng, L. Zhang, and X. Wu, Multiobjective optimization of building energy consumption based on BIM-DB and LSSVM-NSGA-II. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2021. 294(5-6): p. 126153. DOI:

Yang, S., A. Cannavale, A.D. Carlo, D.K. Prasad, A.B. Sproul, and F. Fiorito, Performance assessment of BIPV/T double-skin faade for various climate zones in Australia: Effects on energy consumption. Solar Energy, 2020. 199: p. 377-399. DOI:

Sadeghifam, A.N., M.M. Meynagh, S. Tabatabaee, A. Mahdiyar, A. Memari, S. Ismail, Assessment of the building components in the energy efficient design of tropical residential buildings: An application of BIM and statistical Taguchi method. Energy, 2019. 188: p. 116080-. DOI:

Staszczuk, A. and T. Kuczynski, The impact of floor thermal capacity on air temperature and energy consumption in buildings in temperate climate. Energy, 2019. 181(AUG.15): p. 908-915. DOI:

Jin, X., F. Qi, Q. Wu, Y. Mu, H. Jia, X. Yu, and Z. Li, Integrated optimal scheduling and predictive control for energy management of an urban complex considering building thermal dynamics. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 2020. 123: p. 106273. DOI:

Kong, X., L. Wang, H. Li, G. Yuan, and C. Yao, Experimental study on a novel hybrid system of active composite PCM wall and solar thermal system for clean heating supply in winter. Solar Energy, 2020. 195: p. 259-270. DOI:

Deshko, V., N. Buyak, I. Bilous, and V. Voloshchuk, Reference state and exergy based dynamics analysis of energy performance of the "heat source - Human - Building envelope" system. Energy, 2020. 200: p. 117534. DOI:

Agathokleous, R.A. and S.A. Kalogirou, Status, barriers and perspectives of building integrated photovoltaic systems. Energy, 2020. 191(Jan.15): p. 116471.1-116471.8. DOI:

Lakhdari, Y.A., S. Chikh, and A. Campo, Analysis of the Thermal Response of a Dual Phase Change Material Embedded in a Multi-Layered Building Envelope. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2020. 179: p. 115502. DOI:

Luo, Y., L. Zhang, Z. Liu, J. Yu, X. Xu, and X. Su, Towards net zero energy building: The application potential and adaptability of photovoltaic-thermoelectric-battery wall system. Applied Energy, 2020. 258(Jan.15): p. 114066.1-114066.16. DOI:

Shen, X., L. Li, W. Cui, and Y. Feng, Thermal and Moisture Performance of External Thermal Insulation System with Periodic Freezing-thawing. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2020. 181(5): p. 115920. DOI:

Baldini, M., M. Brgger, H.K. Jacobsen, and K.B. Wittchen, Cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency improvements for a residential building stock in a Danish district heating area. Energy Efficiency, 2020. 13(8): p. 1737-1761. DOI:

Bingham, R.D., M. Agelin-Chaab, and M.A. Rosen, Whole building optimization of a residential home with PV and battery storage in The Bahamas. Renewable Energy, 2019. 132(MAR.): p. 1088-1103. DOI:

Fernandes, M.S., E. Rodrigues, A. Gaspar, J.J. Costa, and A. Gomes, The impact of thermal transmittance variation on building design in the Mediterranean region. Applied Energy, 2019. 239: p. 581-597. DOI:

Hammad, A.W., A. Akbarnezhad, P. Wu, X. Wang, and A.N. Haddad, Building information modelling-based framework to contrast conventional and modular construction methods through selected sustainability factors. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2019. 228(AUG.10): p. 1264-1281. DOI:

Bruno, R., P. Bevilacqua, T. Cuconati, and N. Arcuri, Energy evaluations of an innovative multi-storey wooden near Zero Energy Building designed for Mediterranean areas. Applied Energy, 2019. 238(MAR.15): p. 929-941. DOI:

Fabiani, C., A.L. Pisello, E. Bou-Zeid, J. Yang, and F. Cotana, Adaptive measures for mitigating urban heat islands: The potential of thermochromic materials to control roofing energy balance. Applied Energy, 2019. 247(AUG.1): p. 155-170. DOI:

Iken, O., M. Dlimi, R. Agounoun, I. Kadiri, S. Fertahi, A. Zoubir, and K. Sbai, Numerical investigation of energy performance and cost analysis of Moroccan's building smart walls integrating vanadium dioxide. Solar Energy, 2019. 179(FEB.): p. 249-263. DOI:

Su, Y., L. Wang, W. Feng, N. Zhou, and L. Wang, Analysis of green building performance in cold coastal climates: An in-depth evaluation of green buildings in Dalian, China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2021. 146(Jan.): p. 111149. DOI:

Naji, S., A. Lu, and M. Noguchi, Sensitivity analysis on energy performance, thermal and visual discomfort of a prefabricated house in six climate zones in Australia. Applied Energy, 2021. 298: p. 117200. DOI:

Liu, Z.J., D. Wu, B.J. He, Q.M. Wang, H.C. Yu, W.S. Ma, and G.Y. Jin, Evaluating potentials of passive solar heating renovation for the energy poverty alleviation of plateau areas in developing countries: A case study in rural Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. Solar Energy, 2019. 187(JUL.): p. 95-107. DOI:

Li, M., Q. Cao, H. Pan, X. Wang, and Z. Lin, Effect of Melting Point on Thermodynamics of Thin PCM Reinforced Residential Frame Walls in Different Climate Zones. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2021. 188(8): p. 116615. DOI:

Stanislas T T , Tendo J F , Teixeira R S , et al. Effect of Cellulose Pulp Fibres on the Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Performance of Extruded Earth-based Materials[J]. Journal of Building Engineering, 2021, 39(9): p. 102259. DOI:

Mahmoodzadeh M , Gretka V , Blue A , et al. Evaluating Thermal Performance of Vertical Building Envelopes: Case Studies in a Canadian University Campus[J]. Journal of Building Engineering, 2021, 40(8): p. 102712. DOI:

Lang L , Chen B , Y Pan. Engineering properties evaluation of unfired sludge bricks solidified by cement-fly ash-lime admixed nano-SiO2 under compaction forming technology[J]. Construction and Building Materials, 2020, 259(1): pp. 119879. DOI:

Schade J , Lidelw S , Lnnqvist J . The thermal performance of a green roof on a highly insulated building in a sub-arctic climate[J]. Energy and Buildings, 2021, 241(3): pp. 110961. DOI:

Ashkezari G D , Razmara M . Thermal and mechanical evaluation of ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete and conventional concrete subjected to high temperatures[J]. Journal of Building Engineering, 2020 32(7): pp. 101621. DOI:

Ozel M . Impact of Glazing Area on Thermal Performance of Buildings[J]. International Journal of Ambient Energy, 2020(2): pp. 1-37. DOI:



How to Cite

Zhang, Z. and Ren, J. (2022) “Analysis on the Influence of Building Envelope on Building Energy Efficiency in Severe Cold Area”, The International Journal of Multiphysics, 16(1), pp. 53-65. doi: 10.21152/1750-9548.16.1.53.