Fluid-structure interaction and its effect on the performance of composite structures under air-blast loading

E Wang, N Gardner, S Gupta, A Shukla

Abstract


Three material systems: E-glass Vinyl-Ester (EVE) composites, sandwich composites with EVE facesheet and monolithic foam core (2 different core thicknesses), and monolithic aluminum alloy plates, were subjected to shock wave loading to study their blast response and fluid-structure interaction behaviors. High-speed photography systems were utilized to obtain the real-time side-view and back face deformation images. A 3-D Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique was used to analyze the real-time back face displacement fields and subsequently obtain the characteristic fluid-structure interaction time. The reflected pressure profiles and the deflection of the back face center point reveal that the areal density plays an important role in the fluid-structure interaction. The predictions from Taylor's model (classical solution, does not consider the compressibility) and model by Wang et al. (considers the compressibility) were compared with the experimental results. These results indicated that the model by Wang et al. can predict the experimental results accurately, especially during the characteristic fluid-structure interaction time. Further study revealed that the fluid-structure interaction between the fluid and the sandwich composites cannot be simplified as the fluid-structure interaction between the fluid and the facesheet. Also, it was observed that the core thickness affects the fluid-structure interaction behavior of sandwich composites.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1750-9548.6.3.219

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