Investigation of the primary breakup length and instability of non-Newtonian viscoelastic liquid jets

H Khodayari, F Ommi, Z Saboohi


The temporal instability and primary breakup length of a non-Newtonian viscoelastic liquid jet moving in an inviscid gaseous environment were carried out by solving a set of linearized Navier-Stokes equations and employing the linear viscoelastic model, respectively. The dimensionless dispersion equation that governs the instability was derived and solved by a numerical method. The effects of fluid properties on the instability and primary breakup length of viscoelastic liquid jets were carried out. It could be seen that by increasing the growth rate, the instability range and the primary breakup length of the viscoelastic liquid jets could result in an increase in the liquid Weber number and the ratio of gas to liquid density. Moreover, the significant findings are that an increase in the time constant ratio, and also the Ohnesorge number reduced both of the growth rates of disturbances and primary breakup length. Though, increasing the elasticity number resulted in a higher growth rate of disturbances and enhanced the breakup mechanism. 

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