The Design of Rice Powder Production Vessel and the Pulverization of the Rice Using Numerical Simulation

Authors

  • M Shibuta
  • H Hamashima
  • S Itoh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1260/1750-9548.5.1.61

Abstract

In recent years, the food self-support rate of Japan is 40%, and this value is the lowest level of major advanced country. The stable supply of food is a big subject that Japan has. Therefore, rice powder attracts attention for improvement of the food self-support rate in Japan.

Previously, the rice powder is produced by two methods. One is dry type, and the other is wet type. However, these systems have a fault of the heat damage of the starch and the consumption of a large quantity of water. In our laboratory, as solution of those problems, production of the rice powder by using the underwater shock wave is considered.

Shock wave is the pressure wave which is over velocity of sound by discharging high energy in short time. Propagating shock wave in water is the underwater shock wave. This food processing using an underwater shock wave has little influence of heat and its processing time is very short, preventing the loss of nutrients.

In this research optical observation experiment and the numerical simulation were performed using trial vessel, in order to understand the behavior of the underwater shock wave in the development of the rice powder production vessel using an underwater shock wave at the factory. In addition, in order to understand the rice powder production and to develop it, the numerical simulation about pulverization of rice is performed. By this method, the pressure which takes for rice at the time of pulverization, and its pulverization phenomenon are solved. Analysis soft LS-DYNA was used for these numerical simulations.

The comparative study of the experiment and the numerical simulation was investigated. The behavior of the shock wave in the device and transformation of rice were able to be clarified.

References

M. Shibuta, H. Hamashima, S. Itoh, Numerical Simulation and Experiment for Underwater Shock Wave in Newly Designed Pressure Vessel, The International Journal of Multiphysics, Volume 4, Number 3, pp.259-271(2010). https://doi.org/10.1260/1750-9548.4.3.241

S. Itoh, Z. Liu, Y. Nadamitu, An Investigation on the Properties of Underwater Shock Waves Generated in Underwater Explosions of High Explosives, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol.119, pp.498-502 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2842336

J.O. Hallquist, "LS-DYNA Theoretical Manual", Livermore Software Technology Corporation (2006).

J.O. Hallquist, "LS-DYNA Keyword User's Manual", Livermore Software Technology Corporation (2007).

J. W. Kury, H. C.Hornig, E. L. Lee, J. L. McDonnel, D. L. Ornellas, M. Finger, F. M. Strange and M. L. Wilkins, Metal Acceleration by Chemical Explosives, 4th Symposium on Detonation, A109-A120 (1965).

E. L. Lee, M. Finger and W. Collins, JWL Equation of state Coefficients for High Explosives, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, UCID-16189 (1973). https://doi.org/10.2172/4479737

Published

2011-03-31

How to Cite

Shibuta, M., Hamashima, H. and Itoh, S. (2011) “The Design of Rice Powder Production Vessel and the Pulverization of the Rice Using Numerical Simulation”, The International Journal of Multiphysics, 5(1), pp. 61-78. doi: 10.1260/1750-9548.5.1.61.

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