Parametric Study with Simulation of Transport Phenomenon of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A Laouar, D Omeiri

Abstract


The Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) have the potential to become one of the efficient and cost-effective direct management systems for converting a wide variety of fuels into electricity.
In this study, we developed a three-dimensional model with a single phase of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) planar fueled with hydrogen to improve the fundamental understanding of transport phenomena and performance in the SOFC.

The simulations were carried out using COMSOL Multiphysics software (version 5.4) based on the finite element method for solving the continuity equation (mass transport), the conservation equation (transport of the moment of transport). gas, ordinary diffusion transport of chemical species, heat transfer, charge transport), a parametric study was done to examine the effect of certain parameters such as the operating pressure, the temperature and porosity the porosity of the electrodes) the gas diffusion layer (GDL) on the performance of the SOFC stack for boundary conditions.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Valerio Novaresio, María García-Camprubí, Salvador Izquierdo, Pietro Asinari Norberto Fueyo,(2012), “ An open-source library for the numerical modeling of mass-transfer in solid oxide fuel cells ”, Computer Physics Communications 183 (2012) 125–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2011.08.003

S.C. Singhal (2002) “Solid oxide fuel cells for stationary, mobile, and military applications ” Solid State Ionics 152–153 (2002) 405– 410. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-2738(02)00349-1

Nguyen Q. Minh, (2004) “Solid oxide fuel cell technology—features and applications” , Solid State Ionics 174 (2004) 271–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2004.07.042

E. lay (2009) “Nouveaux materiaux d’ électrode de cellule SOFC”, Universiteti of Joseph Furierit - Grenoble I, HAL Id: tel-00461152.

Yuan J., Ren F., Sundén (2006) ‘’ Analysis of Chemically Reacting Transport Phenomena in an Anode Duct of Intermediate Temperature SOFCs ’’ J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol., 3, pp. 687-701. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2173662

Hedvig Paradis ( 2009 ) “CFD Simulations of Transport Processes including Chemical Reactions in SOFCs”, Division of Heat Transfer department of energy sciences faculty of engineering (LTH) ,Lund University ISRN LUTMDN/TMHP—09/5197—SE.

D.M. Bernardi and M.W. Verbrugge (1992) “A Mathematical Model of the Solid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell’’, J.Electrochem,139(9): 2477-2491. https://doi.org/10.1149/1.2221251

Sasanka N. Ranasinghe and Peter H. Middleton (2017) “Modelling of Single Cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Using COMSOL Multiphysics”, IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1109/eeeic.2017.7977790

Comsol multiphysics cyclopedia,” Online available: https://www.comsol.no/multiphysics.

Martin Andersson , Hironori Nakajima , Tatsumi Kitahara , Akira Shimizu , Takahiro Koshiyama ,Hedvig Paradis , Jinliang Yuan , Bengt Sundén (2014) “Comparison of humidified hydrogen and partly pre-reformed natural gas as fuel for solid oxide fuel cells applying computational fluid dynamics”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 77 (2014) 1008–1022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2014.06.033

“Fuel cell today - SOFC,” Online available: http://www.fuelcelltoday.com/technologies/sofc.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21152/1750-9548.13.4.381

Copyright (c) 2019 A Laouar, D Omeiri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.