Multiphysics Based Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on a Full Scale Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade

M Virk, U Mughal, Q Hu, X Jiang

Abstract


Atmospheric icing on wind turbines have been recognized as a hindrance to the development of the wind power in cold regions, where uncertainty surrounding the effects of icing on energy production may prevent otherwise good wind resources from being utilized. This research paper is focused on to numerically simulate the rate and shape of atmospheric ice accretion on a full-scale horizontal axis wind turbine blade.  Computational fluid dynamics based multiphase numerical analyses have been carried out where results showed a decrease in atmospheric ice growth rate along leading edge with the increase of blade profile size, both in terms of local ice mass and thickness. Streamlined ice shapes were observed near the blade root section, as compared to the blade tip section. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Matthew C Homola, et al., Performance losses due to ice accretion for a 5 MW wind turbine. Wind Energy, 2012. 15(3): p. 379-389. CrossRef

Cao Y, Q Zhang, and J. Sheridan., Numerical simulation of ice accretion on airfoils, in XXII ICTAM. 2008: Adelaide, Australia.

Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola, and P.J. Nicklasson., Effect of rime ice accretion on aerodynamic characteristics of wind turbine blade profiles. Wind Engineering, 2010. 34(2): p. 207-218. CrossRef

T Duncan, M Leblanc, and C. Morgan. understanding icing losses and risk of ice throw at operating wind farms. in WinterWind. 2008. Norrkoping, Sweden.

Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola, and p.J. Nicklasson., Effect of atmospheric temperature and droplet size variation on ice accretion of wind turbine blades. Wind engineering & industrial aerodynamics, 2010. 98: p. 724-729. CrossRef

Peter, D. Numerical simulation of ice accretion on wind turbines. in IWAIS 2009. 2009.

B Tammelin, et al. Icing effects on power production of wind turbines. in BOREAS IV Conference. 1998. Finish Meteorological Institute.

M Marjaniemi and E. Peltola. Blade heating element design and practical experiences. in BOREAS IV Conference. 1998. Finish Meteorological Institute.

M Marjaniemi, T Laakso, and L. Makkonen. The wind turbine blade icing model. in BOREAS V Conference. 2000. Finnish Meteorological Institute.

Matthew C Homola, Per J Nicklasson, and P Sundsbø. Experiences from icing at Nygårdsfjell wind park. in EWEC 2008.

C Bak, P Fuglsang, and N. Sørensen. Airfoil characteristics for wind turbines. 1999, Risø national laboratory.

Høldo, A.E., et al. Experimental simulation of runback ice. Journal of aircraft, 1997. 34: p. 206-212.

J Shin, B Berkowitz, and H. Chen. Prediction of ice shapes and their effects on airfoil performance. 1991: NASA Technical memorandum - 103701. CrossRef

Bernard L. Messinger. Equilibrium temperature of an unheated icing surface as a function of air speed. journal of aeronautical sciences, 1953: p. 29-42.CrossRef

Shin J, et al., Prediction of ice shapes and their effect on airfoil performance. 1991, Technical Report, NASA Technical Memorandum 103701. CrossRef

Mortensen, K., CFD simulations of an airfoil with leading edge ice accretion, in Department of Mechanical Engineering. 2008, Technical university of Denmark. p. 117.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21152/1750-9548.10.3.237

Copyright (c) 2016 The International Journal of Multiphysics