Water Injection for Oil Recovery by using Reservoir Simulation via CFD


  • G Silva
  • B Correia
  • A Cunha
  • B Santos
  • A Lima




Waterflooding process involves the water injection into the reservoir to increase the oil recovery by oil displacement and pressure maintenance mechanisms. This article is based on three-dimensional numerical simulation of a homogeneous reservoir saturated by oil, 22.1°API, with water injection using a non-structured mesh. In order to analyze the behavior of formation and prediction of the fluid production, it was used the ANSYS CFX 12.0® commercial software. The model consists in a reservoir with the dimensions, 270x180x15 m³, and two in parallel five-spot meshes, considering the internal injection, and in the top of the reservoir, and variations of water rate injected, during a total time of 72,000 hours of project. Results of recovery factor, water production, saturation advance front and pressure are presented and analyzed. Was observed that increasing the water rate injected caused an increment in the oil recovery, and consequently the water production, however better results were obtained with injection on the top. This study allowed identifying best practices to water injection optimization.


Jahn, F. Cook, M. and Graham, M., 2003. Hydrocarbon exploration and production. Developments in Petroleum science, 46, Elsevier Science, Aberdeen, United Kingdom, 7th edition.

Alvarado, V. and Manrique, E., 2010. Enhanced oil recovery: field planning and development strategies. Elsevier, Gulf Professional Publishing, Burlington, USA.

Asadollahi, M., 2012. Waterflooding optimization for improved reservoir management. Ph.D. thesis, Norwegian University of Science and technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Aziz, K., and Settari, A., 1979. Petroleum reservoir simulation. Applied Science Publishers LTD, London.

Craft, B. C., M. Hawkins, and R. E. Terry. Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering. 2nd. (1991).

Amyx,J.W, Bass Jr., D.M. and Whiting, R.L., 1960. Petroleum reservoir engineering: Physical properties. McGraw-Hill Classic Textbook Reissue, Texas.

Rosa, A. J. C., R. S.; Xavier, J. A. D., 2006. Petroleum Reservoir Engineering. Editora Interciência. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (In Portuguese).

Craig Jr., F.F., 1971. The reservoir engineering aspects of waterflooding. Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, New York/Dallas, USA, 2nd edition.

Chen, Z., Huan, G., & Ma, Y. ,2006. Computational methods for multiphase flows in porous media. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Fanchi, J.R., 2001. Principles of applied reservoir simulation: clear, concise com-puter-based introduction to practical reservoir modeling complete with fully functioning reservoir simulator. Gulf Professional Publishing of Elsevier, 2nd edition, Houston, TX.

Donaldson, E.C., Chilingarian, G.V. and Yen, T.F., 1989. Enhanced oil recovery II: processes and operations. Developments in Petroleum Science, 17B, Elsevier science publishing, Amsterdam, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0376-7361(08)70451-5

Teknica Petroleum Services Ltda., 2001. Enhanced oil recovery. Alberta.

Terry, R.E., 2001. Enhanced Oil Recovery. In Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology, 3rd Edition, vol. 18. Robert A. Meyers Ed., Academic Press, 2001, pp 503-518.

Farouq Ali, S.M.; Jones, J.A.; Meldau, R.F., 1997. Practical heavy oil recovery. University of Alberta, Alberta.

Lyons, W.C., 2010. Working guide to reservoir engineering. Published by Elsevier Inc, Oxford.

Thomas, J.L., 2001. Petroleum engineering fundamentals. Ed. Interciência, 2nd edition, Rio de Janeiro (In Portuguese).

Willhite, G.P., 1986. Waterflooding. Society of Petroleum Engineers – SPE, Richardson, USA, 3rd edition.

Cunha, A. L., 2010. Advanced recovery not isothermal heavy oil in petroleum reservoirs via numerical simulation. Chemical Engineering, Master's thesis, Federal university of Campina Grande, Brazil (In Portuguese).

Aires, J. D. M., 2013. Study and development of a heavy oil field subjected to the continuous steam injection process. Term paper, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil (In Portuguese).

Ruiz, C. P. A. Comparative study of the water injection using vertical and horizontal wells. Master's thesis, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil 2012 (In Portuguese).

Dake, L.P., 1998. Fundamentals of numerical reservoir simulation. Developments in Petroleum Science, 8, Elsevier Science, Shell Learning and development, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 17th edition.

Ahmed, T., 2006. Reservoir engineering handbook. Elsevier Science - Gulf Professional Publishing, Burlington, USA, 3rd edition.



How to Cite

Silva, G., Correia, B., Cunha, A., Santos, B. and Lima, A. (2017) “Water Injection for Oil Recovery by using Reservoir Simulation via CFD”, The International Journal of Multiphysics, 11(1), pp. 83-96. doi: 10.21152/1750-9548.11.1.83.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>