Experimental Study of Impact on Composite Plates with Fluid-Structure Interaction


  • Y Kwon
  • A Owens
  • A Kwon




The transient dynamic response of composite structures under water is affected by Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI), which results in an added mass effect as well as damping. Because the density of composites is comparable to that of water, the added mass effect becomes even more critical to the transient dynamic response of composites in water. In this study, an experimental testing set-up was designed and fabricated, and testing was conducted to investigate FSI effects on composite laminate plates immersed in fluid and subjected to impact loading. Square composite laminates made of carbon fiber weave and vinyl ester resin were subjected to impact loading using a specially developed vertical drop-weight testing machine. The composite samples were fitted with gages to provide time-history on strains and impact forces generated during impact. Impact tests were performed on four-side clamped laminate plates in airbacked wet, water-backed wet, and dry environments. The results showed non-uniform effects on transient responses of wet composites with FSI. Generally, wet impacts on composite plates increased both transient impact forces and strains significantly compared to dry impacts under the same impact mass and velocity condition. The findings of this study will provide a better understanding for use of composite materials in underwater structural applications where impact loading is expected.


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How to Cite

Kwon, Y., Owens, A. and Kwon, A. (2010) “Experimental Study of Impact on Composite Plates with Fluid-Structure Interaction”, The International Journal of Multiphysics, 4(3), pp. 259-271. doi: 10.1260/1750-9548.4.3.259.